The Paris Agreement is a treaty signed by 195 countries to address the global issue of climate change. The agreement aims to limit global warming to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. The United States signed the agreement on April 22, 2016, under the Obama administration.
However, since then, the United States has seen a change in administration, and the current administration has expressed its intention to withdraw from the agreement. The question on everyone`s mind is whether the Senate has to approve the Paris Agreement.
The short answer is no. The Paris Agreement is an executive agreement and not a treaty. While treaties require Senate approval, executive agreements do not. Executive agreements are agreements entered into by the President on behalf of the United States without seeking Senate approval.
The Paris Agreement falls under the category of an executive agreement. The United States signed and ratified the agreement through executive actions, and no Senate approval was required. Therefore, the decision to withdraw from the agreement is also an executive action and does not require Senate approval.
However, the President must still follow a specific process to withdraw from the agreement. The Paris Agreement has a provision that allows parties to withdraw, but they must provide a written notice of their intention to withdraw, and the notice can only become effective three years after the agreement entered into force.
The United States submitted its notice of withdrawal from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2019. As such, the United States will officially withdraw from the agreement on November 4, 2020, exactly one day after the 2020 Presidential elections.
In summary, the Senate does not have to approve the Paris Agreement, as it is an executive agreement and not a treaty. However, the United States must follow a specific process to withdraw from the agreement, and the decision to withdraw remains a contentious issue. With the upcoming Presidential election, the future of the United States` involvement in the Paris Agreement remains uncertain.